Duodenal nutrient exposure elicits nutrient-specific gut motility and vagal afferent signals in rat

Gary J. Schwartz, Timothy H Moran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Volume and chemical characteristics of meals in the gut have been proposed to generate vagal afferent signals that mediate the negative feedback control of ingestion and gastric emptying. Furthermore, duodenal nutrients elicit changes in gastrointestinal motility that may stimulate mechanosensitive vagal afferents. The degree to which the activity of an individual vagal afferent fiber can be modified by both mechanical and nutrient properties in the gut remains unclear. The present studies evaluated the relationships between distal antral and proximal duodenal load-sensitive vagal afferent activity and gastroduodenal motility in response to duodenal nutrient exposure in ketamine-xylazine-anesthetized rats. Duodenal carbohydrate (glucose) and amino acid (peptone) infusions (0.2 ml/min, 0.2- 0.5 kcal/ml) stimulated concentration-dependent increases in 1) antroduodenal contractions and 2) antral and duodenal vagal afferent activity beyond those attributable to osmolarity alone. In addition, duodenal peptone was more effective than equicaloric glucose in eliciting this vagal activity. These data demonstrate that the proximal duodenum can discriminate its nutrient chemical contents and that gastroduodenal load-sensitive vagal afferents indirectly transduce nutrient chemical information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume274
Issue number5 43-5
StatePublished - May 1998

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Food
Peptones
Xylazine
Glucose
Gastrointestinal Motility
Gastric Emptying
Ketamine
Duodenum
Osmolar Concentration
Meals
Eating
Carbohydrates
Amino Acids
Antral

Keywords

  • Food intake
  • Gut-brain communication
  • Visceral afferents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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abstract = "Volume and chemical characteristics of meals in the gut have been proposed to generate vagal afferent signals that mediate the negative feedback control of ingestion and gastric emptying. Furthermore, duodenal nutrients elicit changes in gastrointestinal motility that may stimulate mechanosensitive vagal afferents. The degree to which the activity of an individual vagal afferent fiber can be modified by both mechanical and nutrient properties in the gut remains unclear. The present studies evaluated the relationships between distal antral and proximal duodenal load-sensitive vagal afferent activity and gastroduodenal motility in response to duodenal nutrient exposure in ketamine-xylazine-anesthetized rats. Duodenal carbohydrate (glucose) and amino acid (peptone) infusions (0.2 ml/min, 0.2- 0.5 kcal/ml) stimulated concentration-dependent increases in 1) antroduodenal contractions and 2) antral and duodenal vagal afferent activity beyond those attributable to osmolarity alone. In addition, duodenal peptone was more effective than equicaloric glucose in eliciting this vagal activity. These data demonstrate that the proximal duodenum can discriminate its nutrient chemical contents and that gastroduodenal load-sensitive vagal afferents indirectly transduce nutrient chemical information.",
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