Dual coupling of the α-thrombin receptor to signal-transduction pathways involving phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylcholine metabolism

Jie Cheng, Joseph J. Baldassare, Daniel Max Raben

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Addition of α-thrombin to quiescent IIC9 cells results in the activation of lipid-metabolizing enzymes associated with signal-transduction cascades. These enzymes include phosphatidylinositol (PI)-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC), phosphatidyl choline (PC)-specific phospholipases C and D and phospholipase A2 (PLA2). Whereas the α-thrombin receptor has been shown to couple with PI-PLCs, it is not clear whether this receptor, or a putative second receptor, couples to one or more of the other phospholipases. In this report we determine whether the cloned receptor couples to all or a subset of these enzymes. We show that (i) an α-thrombin-receptor-activating peptide also elicits the above responses and (ii) addition of enterokinase to IIC9 cells, stably transfected with an α-thrombin receptor (enterokinase-responsive α-thrombin receptor, EKTR) containing an enterokinase cleavage site in place of an α-thrombin cleavage site, stimulates both PI and PC hydrolysis, including PLA2. Enterokinase also induces mitogenesis in the IIC9s transfected with EKTR. These results indicate that, in addition to initiating a mitogenic signalling cascade, the cloned α-thrombin receptor couples to enzymes involved in generating PC-derived, as well as PI-derived, second-messenger molecules in IIC9s. Additionally, using the cells transfected with EKTR, we further demonstrate that only activated, i.e. cleaved, receptors are desensitized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-104
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume337
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

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Enteropeptidase
Thrombin Receptors
Signal transduction
Phosphatidylinositols
Phosphatidylcholines
Metabolism
Signal Transduction
thrombin receptor peptide SFLLRNP
Phospholipases A2
Enzymes
Thrombin
Phosphoinositide Phospholipase C
Phospholipase D
Phospholipases
Type C Phospholipases
Second Messenger Systems
Programmable logic controllers
Hydrolysis
Chemical activation
Lipids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Addition of α-thrombin to quiescent IIC9 cells results in the activation of lipid-metabolizing enzymes associated with signal-transduction cascades. These enzymes include phosphatidylinositol (PI)-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC), phosphatidyl choline (PC)-specific phospholipases C and D and phospholipase A2 (PLA2). Whereas the α-thrombin receptor has been shown to couple with PI-PLCs, it is not clear whether this receptor, or a putative second receptor, couples to one or more of the other phospholipases. In this report we determine whether the cloned receptor couples to all or a subset of these enzymes. We show that (i) an α-thrombin-receptor-activating peptide also elicits the above responses and (ii) addition of enterokinase to IIC9 cells, stably transfected with an α-thrombin receptor (enterokinase-responsive α-thrombin receptor, EKTR) containing an enterokinase cleavage site in place of an α-thrombin cleavage site, stimulates both PI and PC hydrolysis, including PLA2. Enterokinase also induces mitogenesis in the IIC9s transfected with EKTR. These results indicate that, in addition to initiating a mitogenic signalling cascade, the cloned α-thrombin receptor couples to enzymes involved in generating PC-derived, as well as PI-derived, second-messenger molecules in IIC9s. Additionally, using the cells transfected with EKTR, we further demonstrate that only activated, i.e. cleaved, receptors are desensitized.",
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AB - Addition of α-thrombin to quiescent IIC9 cells results in the activation of lipid-metabolizing enzymes associated with signal-transduction cascades. These enzymes include phosphatidylinositol (PI)-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC), phosphatidyl choline (PC)-specific phospholipases C and D and phospholipase A2 (PLA2). Whereas the α-thrombin receptor has been shown to couple with PI-PLCs, it is not clear whether this receptor, or a putative second receptor, couples to one or more of the other phospholipases. In this report we determine whether the cloned receptor couples to all or a subset of these enzymes. We show that (i) an α-thrombin-receptor-activating peptide also elicits the above responses and (ii) addition of enterokinase to IIC9 cells, stably transfected with an α-thrombin receptor (enterokinase-responsive α-thrombin receptor, EKTR) containing an enterokinase cleavage site in place of an α-thrombin cleavage site, stimulates both PI and PC hydrolysis, including PLA2. Enterokinase also induces mitogenesis in the IIC9s transfected with EKTR. These results indicate that, in addition to initiating a mitogenic signalling cascade, the cloned α-thrombin receptor couples to enzymes involved in generating PC-derived, as well as PI-derived, second-messenger molecules in IIC9s. Additionally, using the cells transfected with EKTR, we further demonstrate that only activated, i.e. cleaved, receptors are desensitized.

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