Drug discrimination analysis of partial agonists at the benzodiazepine site. I. Differential effects of U-78875 across training conditions in baboons and rats

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Abstract

The benzodiazepine receptor ligand U-78875 [3-(5-cyclopro pyl-1,2,4- oxadiazol-3-yl)-5-(1-methylethyl)imidazol(1,5-a)quinoxalin-4(5H)-o-ne] was studied in rats trained to discriminate i.p. 1.0 mg/kg lorazepam, 1.0 mg/kg diazepam, or 10 mg/kg pentobarbital, and baboons trained to discriminate oral 1.8 mg/kg lorazepam or 10 mg/kg pentobarbital. U-78875 doses were 0.01 to 10 mg/kg i.p. in rats and 0.32 to 56 mg/kg orally in baboons. U-78875 occasioned drug-appropriate responding in pentobarbital-trained (ED50 = 1.8 mg/kg) and diazepam-trained (ED50 = 0.056 mg/kg) rats, but it occurred in only one pentobarbital-trained baboon and not in the majority of lorazepam-trained baboons or rats. In baboons that generalized to U-78875, discriminative effects were antagonized by flumazenil. The interaction of U-78875 with pentobarbital, diazepam, and lorazepam revealed further differences in its behavioral effects. U-78875 potentiated the effects of pentobarbital, even in baboons that did not generalize to U-78875, but U-78875 had little effect in combination with diazepam. In lorazepam-trained animals that did not generalize to it, U-78875 antagonized lorazepam's effects, but U-78875 neither antagonized nor potentiated lorazepam in animals that did generalize to U-78875. Thus, although U-78875 generally functioned as a benzodiazepine agonist in pentobarbital- and diazepam-trained animals, its unique effects in lorazepam-trained animals appear to reflect its in vitro profile as a partial agonist.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1434-1446
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume289
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1999

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Papio
Benzodiazepines
Lorazepam
Pentobarbital
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Diazepam
panadiplon
Flumazenil
Quinoxalines
GABA-A Receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

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title = "Drug discrimination analysis of partial agonists at the benzodiazepine site. I. Differential effects of U-78875 across training conditions in baboons and rats",
abstract = "The benzodiazepine receptor ligand U-78875 [3-(5-cyclopro pyl-1,2,4- oxadiazol-3-yl)-5-(1-methylethyl)imidazol(1,5-a)quinoxalin-4(5H)-o-ne] was studied in rats trained to discriminate i.p. 1.0 mg/kg lorazepam, 1.0 mg/kg diazepam, or 10 mg/kg pentobarbital, and baboons trained to discriminate oral 1.8 mg/kg lorazepam or 10 mg/kg pentobarbital. U-78875 doses were 0.01 to 10 mg/kg i.p. in rats and 0.32 to 56 mg/kg orally in baboons. U-78875 occasioned drug-appropriate responding in pentobarbital-trained (ED50 = 1.8 mg/kg) and diazepam-trained (ED50 = 0.056 mg/kg) rats, but it occurred in only one pentobarbital-trained baboon and not in the majority of lorazepam-trained baboons or rats. In baboons that generalized to U-78875, discriminative effects were antagonized by flumazenil. The interaction of U-78875 with pentobarbital, diazepam, and lorazepam revealed further differences in its behavioral effects. U-78875 potentiated the effects of pentobarbital, even in baboons that did not generalize to U-78875, but U-78875 had little effect in combination with diazepam. In lorazepam-trained animals that did not generalize to it, U-78875 antagonized lorazepam's effects, but U-78875 neither antagonized nor potentiated lorazepam in animals that did generalize to U-78875. Thus, although U-78875 generally functioned as a benzodiazepine agonist in pentobarbital- and diazepam-trained animals, its unique effects in lorazepam-trained animals appear to reflect its in vitro profile as a partial agonist.",
author = "Ator, {Nancy A} and Griffiths, {Roland R}",
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