Drug dependence among young recently initiated injection drug users

Amelia M. Arria, Crystal Fuller, Steffanie A. Strathdee, Carl A Latkin, David Vlahov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study reports the prevalence of current drug dependence among 226 young recently initiated injection drug users (IDUs) (median age 25 years) recruited from community settings in Baltimore, Maryland. Dependence upon alcohol, cocaine, crack, and heroin was measured in relation to DSM-IV criteria derived from 10 questions from the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA) (Epstein & Gfroerer, 1997). The proportion of dependence among users for heroin, cocaine, crack, and alcohol was 91%, 42%, 37%, and 21%, respectively. Few significant associations were found between sociodemographic characteristics and drug dependence. Frequency of drug use was strongly associated with alcohol, cocaine, and crack dependence for both males and females; however, for heroin, the association between frequency and dependence was only statistically significant in males. The finding that a high proportion of the individuals in this study meet criteria for dependence underscores the need for appropriate and accessible drug treatment for young injection drug users.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1089-1102
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Drug Issues
Volume32
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

drug dependence
Heroin
Drug Users
Crack Cocaine
Substance-Related Disorders
drug
Injections
Alcohols
alcohol
Cocaine-Related Disorders
Baltimore
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Alcoholism
Cross-Sectional Studies
household survey
drug abuse
drug use
community
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Arria, A. M., Fuller, C., Strathdee, S. A., Latkin, C. A., & Vlahov, D. (2002). Drug dependence among young recently initiated injection drug users. Journal of Drug Issues, 32(4), 1089-1102.

Drug dependence among young recently initiated injection drug users. / Arria, Amelia M.; Fuller, Crystal; Strathdee, Steffanie A.; Latkin, Carl A; Vlahov, David.

In: Journal of Drug Issues, Vol. 32, No. 4, 09.2002, p. 1089-1102.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Arria, AM, Fuller, C, Strathdee, SA, Latkin, CA & Vlahov, D 2002, 'Drug dependence among young recently initiated injection drug users', Journal of Drug Issues, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 1089-1102.
Arria AM, Fuller C, Strathdee SA, Latkin CA, Vlahov D. Drug dependence among young recently initiated injection drug users. Journal of Drug Issues. 2002 Sep;32(4):1089-1102.
Arria, Amelia M. ; Fuller, Crystal ; Strathdee, Steffanie A. ; Latkin, Carl A ; Vlahov, David. / Drug dependence among young recently initiated injection drug users. In: Journal of Drug Issues. 2002 ; Vol. 32, No. 4. pp. 1089-1102.
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