Drosophila TRPA1 functions in temperature control of circadian rhythm in pacemaker neurons

Youngseok Lee, Craig Montell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Most animals from flies to humans count on circadian clocks to synchronize their physiology and behaviors. Daily light cycles are well known environmental cues for setting circadian rhythms. Warmer and cooler temperatures that mimic day and night are also effective in entraining circadian activity in most animals. Even vertebrate organisms can be induced to show circadian responses through exposure to temperature cycles. In poikilothermic animals such as Drosophila, temperature differences of only 2-3°C are sufficient to synchronize loco motor rhythms. However, the molecular sensors that participate in temperature regulation of circadian activity in fruit flies or other animals are enigmatic. It is also unclear whether such detectors are limited to the periphery or may be in the central brain. Here, we showed that Drosophila TRPA1 (transient receptor potential cation channel A1) was necessary for normal activity patterns during temperature cycles. The trpA1 gene was expressed in a subset of pacemaker neurons in the central brain. In response to temperature entrainment, loss of trpA1 impaired activity, and altered expression of the circadian clock protein period (Per) in a subset of pacemaker neurons. These findings underscore a role for a thermo TRP in temperature regulation that extends beyond avoidance of noxious or suboptimal temperatures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6716-6725
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume33
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 17 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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