Drosophila bearing the ocelliless mutation underproduce two major chorion proteins both of which map near this gene

Allan C. Spradling, Gall L. Waring, Anthony P. Mahowald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Two bands of putative Drosophila chorion mRNA, E3 and E4, have been shown to hybridize in situ near 7E11 (Spradling and Mahowald, 1979) within a region known to contain a gene, ocelliless, which may be involved in chorion production (Johnson and King, 1974). We have investigated the synthesis of "chorion mRNAs" and chorion proteins in flies carrying this mutation. A reduction of labeling of both E3 and E4 was observed in stage 12 egg chambers from homozygous ocelliless females. In addition, they produce mature oocytes which contain greatly reduced amounts of several major chorion proteins, including those normally produced in stage 12, c36 and c38. To investigate whether the reduction was due to a direct effect of the mutation, the genes for these proteins were mapped. Recombination analysis using electrophoretic variants of c36 and c38 showed that both proteins are coded on the X chromosome at a site between crossveinless and vermillion. Further mapping with the deficiency chromosomes Df(1)KA14 and Df(1)RA2 narrowed the region containing the structural genes to a 16 band region between 7E10 and 8A4. The ocelliless gene, as well as the site of in situ hybridization, are located within this same interval. In normal ovarian follicles, both c36 and c38 are produced in equal amounts and with the same developmental specificity (Waring and Mahowald, 1979). In the mutant, both are reduced to a similar extent. In oc+/oc heterozygotes, both the c36 and c38 genes on the mutant chromosome produce much less product than the corresponding genes on the oc+ chromosome. The cis-acting nature of the ocelliless mutation suggests that it may disrupt sequences involved in controlling the expression of the structural information for these proteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)609-616
Number of pages8
JournalCell
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1979
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Bearings (structural)
Drosophila
Chromosomes
Chorion
Genes
Mutation
Messenger RNA
Proteins
Ovarian Follicle
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1
X Chromosome
Heterozygote
Diptera
Labeling
Genetic Recombination
Oocytes
In Situ Hybridization
Ovum
chorion proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Drosophila bearing the ocelliless mutation underproduce two major chorion proteins both of which map near this gene. / Spradling, Allan C.; Waring, Gall L.; Mahowald, Anthony P.

In: Cell, Vol. 16, No. 3, 1979, p. 609-616.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Spradling, Allan C. ; Waring, Gall L. ; Mahowald, Anthony P. / Drosophila bearing the ocelliless mutation underproduce two major chorion proteins both of which map near this gene. In: Cell. 1979 ; Vol. 16, No. 3. pp. 609-616.
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