Dropout from care among HIV-infected patients enrolled in care at a tertiary HIV care center in Chennai, India

Erik J. Blutinger, Suniti Solomon, Aylur K. Srikrishnan, Easter Thamburaj, Nagalingeswaran Kumarasamy, Pachamuthu Balakrishnan, Santhanam Anand, Aylur K. Ganesh, Sunil S. Solomon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Long-term follow-up of persons infected with HIV infection is essential to optimize clinical outcomes. However, limited data exist on the rates of dropout (DO) from HIV care and factors associated with DO especially from resource-limited settings. We conducted a retrospective analysis of the data available at YRGCARE, a private HIV care provider in south India that has registered over 15,000 HIV-infected persons since its inception in 1993. We included 7995 patients who registered for care between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2009. A dropout was defined as a person who registered for care during this period and had not been seen in the clinic for >1 year. Logistic regression was used to examine factors associated with DO from clinical care. The median age of the patients registered for care was 34 years; 66% were male and 83% were married. The overall DO rate was 38.1 per 100 person-years - the majority of the DOs occurred within 6 months from registration. In multivariate analyses, patients who were enrolled in clinical studies/projects entitling them to free medications and retention staff (Odds Ratio [OR]: 0.65) or were on antiretroviral therapy (ART; OR: 0.37) or had a CD4 > 350 at the last visit (OR: 0.20) were significantly less likely to DO from clinical care. We observed a high rate of DO from clinical care at this tertiary HIV clinic in Chennai, India. Making ART available free of charge in the private sector and providing incentives/benefits for attending clinic visits as is routinely done in clinical trials might help improve retention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1500-1505
Number of pages6
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Volume26
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 25 2014

Keywords

  • Clinical care
  • Dropout
  • HIV
  • India
  • Lost to follow-up

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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