DRO contingencies: An analysis of variable-momentary schedules

Jana S. Lindberg, Brian A. Iwata, SungWoo Kahng, Iser G. DeLeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We conducted several comparative analyses to determine the relative effectiveness of variable-momentary differential-reinforcement-of-other-behavior (VM DRO) schedules. Three individuals who had been diagnosed with mental retardation participated. Results of functional analyses indicated that their self-injurious behavior (SIB) was maintained by social-positive reinforcement. Two individuals participated in a two-stage comparative analysis within multielement and multiple baseline designs. Fixed-interval (FI) and variable-interval (VI) DRO were compared in the first stage; VI DRO and VM DRO were compared in the second. All three schedules effectively reduced the participants' SIB. Treatment for the 3rd individual was conducted in a reversal design to examine the effects of VM DRO when it was implemented in isolation, and results indicated that the procedure was effective in reducing SIB. These findings suggest that VM DRO schedules may represent attractive alternatives to traditional FI schedules because momentary schedules do not require continuous monitoring and may result in higher rates of reinforcement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-136
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Volume32
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1999

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contingency
Appointments and Schedules
reinforcement
Self-Injurious Behavior
Intellectual Disability
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Contingency
Reinforcement
social isolation
monitoring

Keywords

  • Differential reinforcement of other behavior
  • Functional analysis
  • Self-injurious behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Lindberg, J. S., Iwata, B. A., Kahng, S., & DeLeon, I. G. (1999). DRO contingencies: An analysis of variable-momentary schedules. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 32(2), 123-136.

DRO contingencies : An analysis of variable-momentary schedules. / Lindberg, Jana S.; Iwata, Brian A.; Kahng, SungWoo; DeLeon, Iser G.

In: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, Vol. 32, No. 2, 06.1999, p. 123-136.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lindberg, JS, Iwata, BA, Kahng, S & DeLeon, IG 1999, 'DRO contingencies: An analysis of variable-momentary schedules', Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 123-136.
Lindberg JS, Iwata BA, Kahng S, DeLeon IG. DRO contingencies: An analysis of variable-momentary schedules. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. 1999 Jun;32(2):123-136.
Lindberg, Jana S. ; Iwata, Brian A. ; Kahng, SungWoo ; DeLeon, Iser G. / DRO contingencies : An analysis of variable-momentary schedules. In: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. 1999 ; Vol. 32, No. 2. pp. 123-136.
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