Driving performance of glaucoma patients correlates with peripheral visual field loss

Janet P. Szlyk, Carolyn L. Mahler, William Seiple, Deepak P. Edward, Jacob T. Wilensky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To identify clinical vision measures that are associated with the driving performance of glaucoma patients who have visual field loss and visual acuity better than 20/100 and to compare the driving performance of glaucoma patients with the driving performance of a group of age- and sex-equivalent individuals without eye disease. Patients: Forty patients with glaucoma and 17 normally sighted control subjects participated in this study. Methods: Clinical vision data, consisting of visual acuity, letter contrast sensitivity, and visual fields, were collected. Driving performance was assessed by (1) an interactive driving simulator that measured 7 indices of performance (including number of accidents) and (2) the self-reported accident involvement for the past 5 years. Main Outcome Measures: Driving simulator performance and real-world, self-reported accident involvement. Results: The number of accidents as measured on the driving simulator in the glaucoma group was significantly correlated with three Goldmann visual field measures: combined horizontal extent (ρ = -0.47, P = 0.01 ), total horizontal extent (ρ = -0.49, P = 0.007), and total peripheral extent (ρ = -0.55, P = 0.002). There were no statistically significant correlations between the driving performance of the glaucoma group and the visual acuity or contrast sensitivity measures. When compared with the control group, a significantly greater proportion of the glaucoma group reported having at least one real-world accident within the past 5 years (Fisher exact test, P = 0.005). Conclusions: Visual field reduced to less than 100° of horizontal extent may place patients with peripheral field loss at greater accident risk. A higher incidence of real-world and simulator accidents was found for the group with glaucoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-150
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Glaucoma
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Driving
  • Glaucoma
  • Visual fields

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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