Drill-mounted video guidance for orthopaedic trauma surgery

Prasad Vagdargi, Niral Sheth, Alejandro Sisniega Crespo, Ali Uneri, Tharindu De Silva, Greg Osgood, Jeffrey H. Siewerdsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Percutaneous fracture fixation is a challenging procedure that requires accurate interpretation of fluoroscopic images to insert guidewires through narrow bone corridors. We present a guidance system with a video camera mounted onboard the surgical drill to achieve real-time augmentation of the drill trajectory in fluoroscopy and/or CT. Approach: The camera was mounted on the drill and calibrated with respect to the drill axis. Markers identifiable in both video and fluoroscopy are placed about the surgical field and co-registered by feature correspondences. If available, a preoperative CT can also be co-registered by 3D-2D image registration. Real-time guidance is achieved by virtual overlay of the registered drill axis on fluoroscopy or in CT. Performance was evaluated in terms of target registration error (TRE), conformance within clinically relevant pelvic bone corridors, and runtime. Results: Registration of the drill axis to fluoroscopy demonstrated median TRE of 0.9 mm and 2.0 deg when solved with two views (e.g., anteroposterior and lateral) and five markers visible in both video and fluoroscopy - more than sufficient to provide Kirschner wire (K-wire) conformance within common pelvic bone corridors. Registration accuracy was reduced when solved with a single fluoroscopic view (TRE = 3.4 mm and 2.7 deg) but was also sufficient for K-wire conformance within pelvic bone corridors. Registration was robust with as few as four markers visible within the field of view. Runtime of the initial implementation allowed fluoroscopy overlay and/or 3D CT navigation with freehand manipulation of the drill up to 10 frames / s. Conclusions: A drill-mounted video guidance system was developed to assist with K-wire placement. Overall workflow is compatible with fluoroscopically guided orthopaedic trauma surgery and does not require markers to be placed in preoperative CT. The initial prototype demonstrates accuracy and runtime that could improve the accuracy of K-wire placement, motivating future work for translation to clinical studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number015002
JournalJournal of Medical Imaging
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

Keywords

  • 3D-2D registration
  • computer vision
  • drill guidance
  • pelvic surgery
  • surgical navigation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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