Percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty using a single dilating balloon has been associated with significant but modest reduction in transvalvular pressure gradient and increase in valve area. The balloon diameter is usually 20 mm or smaller to avoid disruption of aortic root structure and to permit forward blood flow during inflation. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of valvuloplasty using a combination of balloons with larger maximum inflated diameters, we compared results of aortic valvuloplasty in 21 patients using either the single or double balloon technique. Mean maximum inflated balloon diameter was 19.4 mm ± 1.4 for the single balloon technique, while the mean sum of diameters for the simultaneous double balloon technique was 36.3 mm ± 3.9. The mean age, aortic annulus diameter, and predilatation aortic valve area were not different among groups. Mean aortic transvalvular gradient reduction and mean aortic valve area increase were greater for the double balloon technique. The procedure was well tolerated with no major complications. No change in the degree of aortic regurgitation was noted. The double balloon technique for aortic valvuloplasty is safe and more effective at improving aortic valve area and transvalvular gradient than the conventional single balloon technique.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine