A multicenter double-blind study of 363 pediatric outpatients with acute otitis media demonstrated that cyclacillin, administered in three divided doses (three times a day) for ten days, is as effective as and better tolerated than a similar regimen of amoxicillin. The bacteriologic cure rate for patients with middle-ear cultures was 98% in both treatment groups. Remission of signs and symptoms was significantly faster in the cyclacillin group (3.1 days) than in the amoxicillin group (4.3 days) (P<0.05). Of the 179 children treated with cyclacillin, three (1.7%) had drug-related diarrhea in contrast to 18 of the 184 (9.8%) children treated with amoxicillin (P<0.01). Cyclacillin produces a rapid resolution of symptoms and a low incidence of diarrhea.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health