Purpose: SU6668 is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor which targets platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β, fibroblast growth factor receptor-1, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2, and KIT. We did a phase I study to define the maximum tolerated dose and to assess the pharmacokinetics of SU6668 administered orally thrice daily with food. Patients and Methods: Patients with histologically proven, advanced, and progressive solid tumors were included at a starting dose level of 400 mg/m2 thrice daily. The early onset of dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) required dose reductions to 100 and 200 mg/m2 thrice daily. Pharmacokinetics was done on days 1, 28, and 56. Results: Sixteen patients were included. Two of the first three patients developed DLTs, which consisted of grade 4 fatigue and grade 3 serositis-like pains. Six patients at dose level 100 mg/m2 thrice daily experienced no DLT. At dose level 200 mg/m2 thrice daily, two out of seven patients experienced DLTs consisting of grade 3 abdominal pain, grade 4 anorexia and grade 3 nausea/vomiting. Increasing doses resulted in a disproportional increase in area under the curve and C max (peak plasma concentration). Both variables, however, decreased significantly on days 28 and 56 compared with day 1 (P <0.05). No objective responses were observed. Acute phase response, probably mediated by interteukin-6, was observed in serial blood samples. Conclusions: The maximum tolerated dose of SU6668 given orally, thrice daily under fed conditions, is 100 mg/m2. Because of the low plasma levels reached at this dose level, the efficacy of SU6668 as a single agent is not to be expected.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research