Does weight status influence perceptions of physical activity barriers among African-American women?

Jeanine M. Genkinger, Megan L. Jehn, Marcella Sapun, Iris Mabry, Deborah Rohm Young

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Background: Many African-American women fail to participate in regular physical activity. Weight status may influence physical activity barriers. This study examined the frequency and type of barriers. Methods: Participants in this study were enrolled in Project EXE-L (Exercising Ladies Excel), a six-month, church-based, randomized trial of moderate-intensity physical activity based in Baltimore city and county in Maryland. Participants were composed of African-American women who attended one of the participating churches, had friends who were church members, or who lived in neighborhoods surrounding one of the churches. Individuals who were between the ages of 25 and 70 years, were not regularly physically active (defined as not engaging in moderate-intensity activity more than three times per week), and were able to participate in moderate-intensity activity met eligibility criteria to participate in the trial. Barriers to physical activity were evaluated with the Steinhardt/Dishman Barriers for Habitual Physical Activity Scale at baseline. Results: One hundred twenty women were classified as normal weight (body mass index [BMI]: <25 kg/m2), overweight (BMI: 25-29.9 kg/m2), or obese (BMI: ≥30 kg/m2). Obese participants were more likely to report "lack of motivation" as a barrier compared with normal-weight participants (63% vs 31%). Normal-weight and overweight participants were more likely to report no barriers compared with the obese (31%, 0%, 5%, respectively, P<.05). Conclusions: Barriers for African-American women may vary by BMI status. By defining these unique barriers, effective physical activity interventions can be developed.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)78-84
    Number of pages7
    JournalEthnicity and Disease
    Volume16
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - 2006

    Keywords

    • African-American women
    • Barriers
    • Obesity
    • Physical activity

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Epidemiology

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Does weight status influence perceptions of physical activity barriers among African-American women?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Genkinger, J. M., Jehn, M. L., Sapun, M., Mabry, I., & Young, D. R. (2006). Does weight status influence perceptions of physical activity barriers among African-American women? Ethnicity and Disease, 16(1), 78-84.