Does Time in Migration Exacerbate Posttraumatic Symptoms Among Internationally Displaced East African Refugees?

Jacob A Bentley, Michael L. Dolezal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Refugees often experience a prolonged period of migration. We examined the potential moderating influence of time in migration on the relationship between trauma exposure and psychological distress in a sample of 60 East African refugees. Results indicated that increased time in migration exacerbated the trauma-posttraumatic-stress-symptom relationship, accounting for an additional 12% of model variance (t[54] = 2.25, b =.09, p =.03). No such moderation was found for symptoms of depression (t[54] =.74, b =.03, p =.46). These preliminary findings highlight the need for early, community-based interventions that target the interaction between trauma- and migration-related stressors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Refugees
refugee
migration
trauma
Wounds and Injuries
Psychology
time
interaction
community
experience

Keywords

  • depression
  • migration
  • posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Refugees
  • resettlement
  • trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Health(social science)
  • Geography, Planning and Development

Cite this

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AB - Refugees often experience a prolonged period of migration. We examined the potential moderating influence of time in migration on the relationship between trauma exposure and psychological distress in a sample of 60 East African refugees. Results indicated that increased time in migration exacerbated the trauma-posttraumatic-stress-symptom relationship, accounting for an additional 12% of model variance (t[54] = 2.25, b =.09, p =.03). No such moderation was found for symptoms of depression (t[54] =.74, b =.03, p =.46). These preliminary findings highlight the need for early, community-based interventions that target the interaction between trauma- and migration-related stressors.

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