Does social capital protect against the adverse behavioural outcomes of child neglect?

Jonathan B. Kotch, Jamie Smith, Benyamin Margolis, Maureen M. Black, Diana English, Richard Thompson, Li Ching Lee, Gitanjali Taneja, Shrikant I. Bangdiwala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

LONGSCAN was a longitudinal study of the risks and consequences of child abuse and neglect conducted between 1992 and 2012 among five sites across the US. Interviews with mothers of at-risk children began when the children were four years of age, and mothers and children from age six to age 18 years were interviewed every other year. Maltreatment reports were obtained from departments of social services, and subjects' self-reported abuse was obtained at age 12. Generalised estimating equations were used to investigate the impact of informal social control, social cohesion and trust (SCT), and caregiver depression at ages 12, 14 and 16 years on externalising behaviours, smoking and alcohol use among 18-year olds who had been neglected prior to age 12. In models controlling for child age and gender, maltreatment types other than neglect, maternal education and study site, SCT significantly reduced the impact of caregiver depression on externalising behaviour and alcohol use among the neglected children at age 18. This moderating effect was not seen among non-neglected 18-year-old children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)246-261
Number of pages16
JournalChild Abuse Review
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Caregiver depression
  • Child neglect
  • Collective efficacy
  • Social capital

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Law

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  • Cite this

    Kotch, J. B., Smith, J., Margolis, B., Black, M. M., English, D., Thompson, R., Lee, L. C., Taneja, G., & Bangdiwala, S. I. (2014). Does social capital protect against the adverse behavioural outcomes of child neglect? Child Abuse Review, 23(4), 246-261. https://doi.org/10.1002/car.2345