Does hyperglycemia affect the diagnostic value of 18F-FDG PET/CT?

S. Mirpour, P. Meteesatien, A. H. Khandani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Background: Net cellular uptake of 18F-FDG is adversely affected by elevated plasma glucose levels. The purpose of our study was to investigate the influence of hyperglycemic state at the time of 18F-FDG injection on the diagnostic accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/CT. Method: Pre-scan plasma glucose levels of all patients who were referred for PET/CT with an oncologic indication during the year 2005 were reviewed. All seventy-six patients (50 men, 26 women, mean age ± SD: 65.5 ± 9.7 years) with pre-scan glucose level higher than 140. mg/dL (mean plasma glucose level ± SD: 168.7 ± 30.8, ranging from 140 to 260. mg/dL) were enrolled into our study. The accuracy of PET/CT scans was assessed using concurrent or follow-up CT, MRI and histologic evidences as well as clinical follow-up as the reference standard. Results: PET/CT was true positive in 37 patients, true-negative in 30 patients, false negative in 6 patients and false positive in 3 patients. Overall sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and diagnostic accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/CT on a patient basis were 86%, 90.9%, 92.5%, 83.3% and 88.1%, respectively. Diabetes mellitus was recorded in 50 patients. No significant diagnostic accuracy difference between diabetics and non-diabetics was noticed. Conclusion: Our study suggests that 18F-FDG accumulation of malignant lesions remains sufficiently high for reliable qualitative clinical diagnosis in chronic and acute hyperglycemic states. However, regarding the discordant and inconclusive results of the available reports and the remarkable concerns with reference to the adverse effects of elevated plasma glucose levels on the diagnostic accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/CT scans, further direct clues seems to be required and should be provided by future studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-77
Number of pages7
JournalRevista Espanola de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Hyperglycemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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