Does functional mitral regurgitation improve with isolated aortic valve replacement?

Nader Moazami, Michael D. Diodato, Marc R. Moon, Jennifer S. Lawton, Michael K. Pasque, Rachel L. Herren, Tracey J. Guthrie, Ralph J. Damiano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The surgical treatment of mitral valve regurgitation (MR) at the time of aortic valve replacement (AVR) remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the change in severity of MR following isolated AVR, and to determine survival benefit. Methods: Between 1991 and 2001, 250 patients underwent isolated AVR; 196 patients had concomitant functional MR. Follow-up transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) was available on 107 patients, with a median of 818 ± 752 days. Aortic valve was stenotic in 77 and regurgitant in 30 patients. Results: Mean age was 67 ± 15 years and 57 (53%) were male. Preoperative MR was trivial (1+) in 27 (25%), mild (2+) in 44 (41%), moderate (3+) in 29 (27%), and severe (4+) in 7 (7%). At follow-up TTE, MR improved by 1 or 2 grades in 48 patients (45%). Of patients with preoperative 2+ MR, 19 (43%) improved, 16 (36%) remained unchanged, and 9 (21%) worsened. Although some patients with preoperative 3+ MR exhibited improvement, 11 (38%) remained with moderate-to-severe MR. Of those with a preoperative MR of 4+, 3 (71%) improved, and 4 remained with 3-4+ MR. For patients with preoperative 1 to 2+ MR, survival at 3 years was 98% compared to 78% for those with 3 to 4+ MR (p = 0.038). Conclusion: Functional MR does not always improve after isolated AVR. Survival is lower for patients with preoperative 3 to 4+ MR. Moderate-to-severe MR should be repaired at the time of aortic valve surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)444-448
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Cardiac Surgery
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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  • Cite this

    Moazami, N., Diodato, M. D., Moon, M. R., Lawton, J. S., Pasque, M. K., Herren, R. L., Guthrie, T. J., & Damiano, R. J. (2004). Does functional mitral regurgitation improve with isolated aortic valve replacement? Journal of Cardiac Surgery, 19(5), 444-448. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0886-0440.2004.00362.x