Does biological relatedness affect survival?

David Bishai, El Daw Suliman, Heena Brahmbhatt, Fred Wabwire-Mangen, Godfrey Kigozi, Nelson Sewankambo, David Serwadda, Maria Wawer, Ron Gray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: We studied child survival in Rakai, Uganda where many children are fostered out or orphaned. Methods: Biological relatedness is measured as the average of the Wright's coefficients between each household member and the child. Instrumental variables for fostering include proportion of adult males in household, age and gender of household head. Control variables include socioeconomic status (SES), religion, polygyny, household size, child age, child birth size, and child HIV status. Results: Presence of both parents in the household increased the odds of survival by 28%. After controlling for the endogeneity of child placement decisions in a multivariate model we found that lower biological relatedness of a child was associated with statistically significant reductions in child survival. The effects of biological relatedness on child survival tend to be stronger for both HIV- and HIV+ children of HIV+ mothers. Conclusions: Reductions in the numbers of close relatives caring for children of HIV+ mothers reduce child survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-278
Number of pages18
JournalDemographic Research
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - May 7 2003

Keywords

  • AIDS/HIV
  • Child survival
  • Orphans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography

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