There is concern that environmental and dietary aluminum (Al) might cause developmental toxicity. To better understand this concern, we reviewed published studies which administered Al compounds to pregnant animals and measured accumulation of Al in mother, fetus, or born offspring. A total of 7 studies were identified which administered Al during gestation and evaluated fetal accumulation. Another 7 studies administered Al at least until birth and then evaluated accumulation in mothers and/or pups. These 14 studies included 4 different Al compounds (hydroxide, chloride, lactate, and citrate) administered by 4 different routes (gavage, feed, intraperitoneal injection, and subcutaneous injection) with total doses ranging from 13.5 to 8400 mg/kg. Fetal Al levels were not increased in 6 of 7 studies and pup Al levels were not increased in 4 of 5 studies in which they were measured. Maternal Al levels were increased in some studies, but there was no consistent pattern of organ-specific accumulation and several positive studies were contradicted by subsequent reports from the same laboratory. Placental levels were increased in 6 of 9 studies and were greater than corresponding fetal levels. The weight of evidence in these studies suggests that environmental and dietary Al exposures are unlikely to pose risks of Al accumulation to pregnant animals or their fetuses.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|State||Published - Mar 1 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Biology
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis