"Do you see what I see?" - Correlates of multidimensional measures of neighborhood types and perceived physical activity-related neighborhood barriers and facilitators for urban youth

Alice Fang Yan, Carolyn C. Voorhees, Kelly Clifton, Carolina Burnier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To classify types of neighborhood environment and to examine the gender-specific cross-sectional associations between these neighborhood types and adolescents' perceptions of physical activity-related neighborhood barriers and facilitators. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 350 high school students in Baltimore, Maryland, in 2006. Participants completed the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS). Objectively GIS-measured attributes of urban form came from various sources. Classification of built environment/neighborhood types was achieved by factor analysis and cluster analysis. Results: Four neighborhood types were identified: (1) arterial development; (2) inner-city area; (3) suburban residential; and (4) central business district. Girls who lived in suburban residential areas were less likely than their central business district counterparts to perceive the protective effects of crosswalks and pedestrian traffic signals. Girls living in inner-city neighborhoods were more likely than their central business district counterparts to perceive the traffic as being slow. Boys' perceptions of their neighborhood did not vary by neighborhood pattern. Conclusions: Girls appear to be more sensitive to their environment and perceive more physical activity-related built environment barriers compared to boys. Efforts to overcome physical activity barriers salient for adolescent girls should be tailored to the type of neighborhood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume50
Issue numberSUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Exercise
Baltimore
Architectural Accessibility
Statistical Factor Analysis
Cluster Analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies
Students

Keywords

  • Neighborhood perception
  • Neighborhood types
  • Physical activity
  • Urban adolescents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Epidemiology

Cite this

"Do you see what I see?" - Correlates of multidimensional measures of neighborhood types and perceived physical activity-related neighborhood barriers and facilitators for urban youth. / Yan, Alice Fang; Voorhees, Carolyn C.; Clifton, Kelly; Burnier, Carolina.

In: Preventive Medicine, Vol. 50, No. SUPPL., 01.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{cfe49d8a41de412abdea3c88ce2f9851,
title = "{"}Do you see what I see?{"} - Correlates of multidimensional measures of neighborhood types and perceived physical activity-related neighborhood barriers and facilitators for urban youth",
abstract = "Objectives: To classify types of neighborhood environment and to examine the gender-specific cross-sectional associations between these neighborhood types and adolescents' perceptions of physical activity-related neighborhood barriers and facilitators. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 350 high school students in Baltimore, Maryland, in 2006. Participants completed the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS). Objectively GIS-measured attributes of urban form came from various sources. Classification of built environment/neighborhood types was achieved by factor analysis and cluster analysis. Results: Four neighborhood types were identified: (1) arterial development; (2) inner-city area; (3) suburban residential; and (4) central business district. Girls who lived in suburban residential areas were less likely than their central business district counterparts to perceive the protective effects of crosswalks and pedestrian traffic signals. Girls living in inner-city neighborhoods were more likely than their central business district counterparts to perceive the traffic as being slow. Boys' perceptions of their neighborhood did not vary by neighborhood pattern. Conclusions: Girls appear to be more sensitive to their environment and perceive more physical activity-related built environment barriers compared to boys. Efforts to overcome physical activity barriers salient for adolescent girls should be tailored to the type of neighborhood.",
keywords = "Neighborhood perception, Neighborhood types, Physical activity, Urban adolescents",
author = "Yan, {Alice Fang} and Voorhees, {Carolyn C.} and Kelly Clifton and Carolina Burnier",
year = "2010",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.08.015",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "50",
journal = "Preventive Medicine",
issn = "0091-7435",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "SUPPL.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - "Do you see what I see?" - Correlates of multidimensional measures of neighborhood types and perceived physical activity-related neighborhood barriers and facilitators for urban youth

AU - Yan, Alice Fang

AU - Voorhees, Carolyn C.

AU - Clifton, Kelly

AU - Burnier, Carolina

PY - 2010/1

Y1 - 2010/1

N2 - Objectives: To classify types of neighborhood environment and to examine the gender-specific cross-sectional associations between these neighborhood types and adolescents' perceptions of physical activity-related neighborhood barriers and facilitators. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 350 high school students in Baltimore, Maryland, in 2006. Participants completed the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS). Objectively GIS-measured attributes of urban form came from various sources. Classification of built environment/neighborhood types was achieved by factor analysis and cluster analysis. Results: Four neighborhood types were identified: (1) arterial development; (2) inner-city area; (3) suburban residential; and (4) central business district. Girls who lived in suburban residential areas were less likely than their central business district counterparts to perceive the protective effects of crosswalks and pedestrian traffic signals. Girls living in inner-city neighborhoods were more likely than their central business district counterparts to perceive the traffic as being slow. Boys' perceptions of their neighborhood did not vary by neighborhood pattern. Conclusions: Girls appear to be more sensitive to their environment and perceive more physical activity-related built environment barriers compared to boys. Efforts to overcome physical activity barriers salient for adolescent girls should be tailored to the type of neighborhood.

AB - Objectives: To classify types of neighborhood environment and to examine the gender-specific cross-sectional associations between these neighborhood types and adolescents' perceptions of physical activity-related neighborhood barriers and facilitators. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 350 high school students in Baltimore, Maryland, in 2006. Participants completed the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS). Objectively GIS-measured attributes of urban form came from various sources. Classification of built environment/neighborhood types was achieved by factor analysis and cluster analysis. Results: Four neighborhood types were identified: (1) arterial development; (2) inner-city area; (3) suburban residential; and (4) central business district. Girls who lived in suburban residential areas were less likely than their central business district counterparts to perceive the protective effects of crosswalks and pedestrian traffic signals. Girls living in inner-city neighborhoods were more likely than their central business district counterparts to perceive the traffic as being slow. Boys' perceptions of their neighborhood did not vary by neighborhood pattern. Conclusions: Girls appear to be more sensitive to their environment and perceive more physical activity-related built environment barriers compared to boys. Efforts to overcome physical activity barriers salient for adolescent girls should be tailored to the type of neighborhood.

KW - Neighborhood perception

KW - Neighborhood types

KW - Physical activity

KW - Urban adolescents

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=73149083943&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=73149083943&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.08.015

DO - 10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.08.015

M3 - Article

C2 - 19799931

AN - SCOPUS:73149083943

VL - 50

JO - Preventive Medicine

JF - Preventive Medicine

SN - 0091-7435

IS - SUPPL.

ER -