Do Urban Design qualities add to property values? An empirical analysis of the relationship between Urban Design qualities and property values

Shima Hamidi, Ahmad Bonakdar, Golnaz Keshavarzi, Reid Ewing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Urban design qualities have the potential to contribute to the sense of safety, comfort, engagement, and overall neighborhood satisfaction perceived by residents, thus can be related to higher property values. Yet, many of these urban design qualities are highly conceptual, require extensive data collection and are subject to various interpretations. As a result, there is little empirical evidence on how street-level urban design qualities are related to property values. Drawing on Multi-level Modeling, this article employs a highly cited dataset on urban design qualities in New York City to provide a statistical analysis of the direct relationship between these qualities and property values. Controlling for confounding factors, this article identifies “imageability” in the street-level environment as a featured urban design quality with the most statistically significant association with property values. In addition, research findings suggest that “transparency” of building facades are positive predictors of property values, whereas the complexity of the built environment exhibits a negative correlation with property values. Policy implications for planners, urban designers, and developers include designing guidelines and street layouts that encourage memorable civic image and identity. While investing in building facades with greater transparency would yield higher property values, complexity in the urban environment, particularly in neighborhoods seeking investment and attracting capital should be treated with care by all parties involved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102564
JournalCities
Volume98
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Complexity
  • Enclosure
  • Imageability
  • Property values
  • Residential design premiums
  • Transparency
  • Urban design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Urban Studies
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Do Urban Design qualities add to property values? An empirical analysis of the relationship between Urban Design qualities and property values'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this