Do mammals make all their own inositol hexakisphosphate?

Andrew J. Letcher, Michael J. Schell, Robin F. Irvine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A highly specific and sensitive mass assay for inositol hexakis-phosphate (InsP6) was characterized. This centres around phosphorylating InsP6 with [32P]ATP using a recombinant InsP6 kinase from Giardia lambia, followed by HPLC of the 32P-labelled products with an internal [3H]InsP7 standard. This assay was used to quantify InsP6 levels in a variety of biological samples. Concentrations of InsP6 in rat tissues varied from 10-20 μM (assuming 64%of wet weight of tissue is cytosol water), whereas using the same assumption axenic Dictyostelium discoideum cells contained 352 ± 11 μM InsP6. HeLa cells were seeded at low density and grown to confluence, at which point they contained InsP6 levels per mg of protein similar to rat tissues. This amounted to 1.952 ± 0.117 nmol InsP6 per culture dish, despite the cells being grown in serum shown to contain no detectable (less than 20 pmol per dish) InsP6. These results demonstrate that mammalian cells synthesize all their own InsP6. Human blood was analysed, and although the white cell fraction contained InsP6 at a concentration comparable with other tissues, in serum and platelet-free plasma no InsP6 was detected (<1 nM InsP6). Human urine was also examined, and also contained no detectable (<5 nM) InsP6. These results suggest that dietary studies purporting to measure InsP6 at micromolar concentrations in human plasma or urine may not have been quantifying this inositol phosphate. Therefore claims that administrating InsP6 in the diet or applying it topically can produce health benefits by increasing extracellular InsP6 levels may require reassessment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-270
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume416
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

Keywords

  • Dietary phytate
  • Inositol hexakisphosphate (InsP)
  • Mass assay
  • Phytate
  • Phytic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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