Do Largest Basal Tumor Diameter and the American Joint Committee on Cancer's Cancer Staging Influence Prognostication by Gene Expression Profiling in Choroidal Melanoma

Hakan Demirci, Leslie M. Niziol, Zeynep Ozkurt, Naziha Slimani, Cem Ozgonul, Tiffany Liu, David C. Musch, Miguel Materin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the prognostication of choroidal melanoma (CM) by the gene expression profiling (GEP) test. Design: Cohort study. Methods: Retrospective review of 293 CM patients from 2 centers. Results: Of 293 patients, 132 (45%) were class 1A by GEP, 63 (22%) were class 1B, and 98 (33%) were class 2. Class 2 tumors had more ciliary body involvement and greater largest basal dimension (LBD), and were thicker. GEP results and increasing LBD were independently predictive of time to metastasis. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis estimated the probability of 3-year metastasis-free survival (MFS) of 0.99 in class 1A, 0.90 in class 1B, and 0.60 in class 2. The probability of 3-year MFS was 0.49 in class 2 patients with LBD ≥ 12 mm vs 1.00 in those with LBD < 12 mm, 0.89 in class 1B with LBD ≥ 12 mm vs 0.93 in those with LBD < 12 mm, and 0.99 in class 1A with LBD ≥ 12 mm vs 1.00 in those with LBD < 12 mm. In American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage I CMs, the probability of 3-year MFS was 1.0 for class 1A and 1B, and 0.79 for class 2. In stage II CMs, the probability of 3-year MFS was 0.99 for class 1A, 0.89 for class 1B, and 0.61 for class 2. In stage III CM, the probability of 3-year MFS was 1.0 for class 1A, 0.60 for class 1B, and 0.41 for class 2. Conclusions: GEP testing provided significant prognostic information for CM. Class 2 tumors with LBD ≥ 12 mm and class 2 and 1B tumors with AJCC stage III showed significantly worse prognosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-92
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
Volume195
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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