Do children fare for better and for worse? Associations among child features and parenting with child competence and symptoms

Jill Rabinowitz, Deborah A.G. Drabick

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Children vary in their sensitivity to parenting practices, which may influence their competence and development of psychological symptoms. Three theoretical frameworks that address youth's sensitivity to parenting and potential outcomes include the diathesis-stress model, differential susceptibility hypothesis, and the vantage sensitivity hypothesis. The purpose of the present review is to examine the relations among child genetic, endophenotypic, and phenotypic attributes with parenting, and links to social and emotional adjustment and symptoms from infancy to young adulthood (18 years of age) that support the diathesis-stress model, differential susceptibility hypothesis, or vantage sensitivity hypothesis. We also examined whether (a) the assessment method (e.g., questionnaires, observations) and (b) developmental period (e.g., early childhood, adolescence) during which variables were assessed influenced support for the theoretical perspectives considered. Support was found for each framework but differed across studies. This inconsistent support may be because some child-specific features act as vulnerabilities, whereas others operate as plasticity factors; the parenting dimension under consideration may influence the adjustment of youth differently; or sex differences in child-specific features may differentially predict youth social and emotional competence or symptom development. Other potential explanations involve issues related to informants and contextual variations in children's behaviors, different analytic approaches, the assessment method, and developmental period of assessment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-30
Number of pages30
JournalDevelopmental Review
Volume45
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Parenting
Mental Competency
pricing
Social Adjustment
Disease Susceptibility
Child Behavior
Sex Characteristics
adulthood
adolescence
Psychology
vulnerability
childhood
questionnaire

Keywords

  • Child-specific features
  • Diathesis-stress
  • Differential susceptibility
  • Externalizing symptoms
  • Internalizing symptoms
  • Parenting
  • Social and emotional competence
  • Vantage sensitivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Do children fare for better and for worse? Associations among child features and parenting with child competence and symptoms. / Rabinowitz, Jill; Drabick, Deborah A.G.

In: Developmental Review, Vol. 45, 01.09.2017, p. 1-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{eb3f36fe5a434628b87d10cba2e0a161,
title = "Do children fare for better and for worse? Associations among child features and parenting with child competence and symptoms",
abstract = "Children vary in their sensitivity to parenting practices, which may influence their competence and development of psychological symptoms. Three theoretical frameworks that address youth's sensitivity to parenting and potential outcomes include the diathesis-stress model, differential susceptibility hypothesis, and the vantage sensitivity hypothesis. The purpose of the present review is to examine the relations among child genetic, endophenotypic, and phenotypic attributes with parenting, and links to social and emotional adjustment and symptoms from infancy to young adulthood (18 years of age) that support the diathesis-stress model, differential susceptibility hypothesis, or vantage sensitivity hypothesis. We also examined whether (a) the assessment method (e.g., questionnaires, observations) and (b) developmental period (e.g., early childhood, adolescence) during which variables were assessed influenced support for the theoretical perspectives considered. Support was found for each framework but differed across studies. This inconsistent support may be because some child-specific features act as vulnerabilities, whereas others operate as plasticity factors; the parenting dimension under consideration may influence the adjustment of youth differently; or sex differences in child-specific features may differentially predict youth social and emotional competence or symptom development. Other potential explanations involve issues related to informants and contextual variations in children's behaviors, different analytic approaches, the assessment method, and developmental period of assessment.",
keywords = "Child-specific features, Diathesis-stress, Differential susceptibility, Externalizing symptoms, Internalizing symptoms, Parenting, Social and emotional competence, Vantage sensitivity",
author = "Jill Rabinowitz and Drabick, {Deborah A.G.}",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.dr.2017.03.001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "45",
pages = "1--30",
journal = "Developmental Review",
issn = "0273-2297",
publisher = "Mosby Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Do children fare for better and for worse? Associations among child features and parenting with child competence and symptoms

AU - Rabinowitz, Jill

AU - Drabick, Deborah A.G.

PY - 2017/9/1

Y1 - 2017/9/1

N2 - Children vary in their sensitivity to parenting practices, which may influence their competence and development of psychological symptoms. Three theoretical frameworks that address youth's sensitivity to parenting and potential outcomes include the diathesis-stress model, differential susceptibility hypothesis, and the vantage sensitivity hypothesis. The purpose of the present review is to examine the relations among child genetic, endophenotypic, and phenotypic attributes with parenting, and links to social and emotional adjustment and symptoms from infancy to young adulthood (18 years of age) that support the diathesis-stress model, differential susceptibility hypothesis, or vantage sensitivity hypothesis. We also examined whether (a) the assessment method (e.g., questionnaires, observations) and (b) developmental period (e.g., early childhood, adolescence) during which variables were assessed influenced support for the theoretical perspectives considered. Support was found for each framework but differed across studies. This inconsistent support may be because some child-specific features act as vulnerabilities, whereas others operate as plasticity factors; the parenting dimension under consideration may influence the adjustment of youth differently; or sex differences in child-specific features may differentially predict youth social and emotional competence or symptom development. Other potential explanations involve issues related to informants and contextual variations in children's behaviors, different analytic approaches, the assessment method, and developmental period of assessment.

AB - Children vary in their sensitivity to parenting practices, which may influence their competence and development of psychological symptoms. Three theoretical frameworks that address youth's sensitivity to parenting and potential outcomes include the diathesis-stress model, differential susceptibility hypothesis, and the vantage sensitivity hypothesis. The purpose of the present review is to examine the relations among child genetic, endophenotypic, and phenotypic attributes with parenting, and links to social and emotional adjustment and symptoms from infancy to young adulthood (18 years of age) that support the diathesis-stress model, differential susceptibility hypothesis, or vantage sensitivity hypothesis. We also examined whether (a) the assessment method (e.g., questionnaires, observations) and (b) developmental period (e.g., early childhood, adolescence) during which variables were assessed influenced support for the theoretical perspectives considered. Support was found for each framework but differed across studies. This inconsistent support may be because some child-specific features act as vulnerabilities, whereas others operate as plasticity factors; the parenting dimension under consideration may influence the adjustment of youth differently; or sex differences in child-specific features may differentially predict youth social and emotional competence or symptom development. Other potential explanations involve issues related to informants and contextual variations in children's behaviors, different analytic approaches, the assessment method, and developmental period of assessment.

KW - Child-specific features

KW - Diathesis-stress

KW - Differential susceptibility

KW - Externalizing symptoms

KW - Internalizing symptoms

KW - Parenting

KW - Social and emotional competence

KW - Vantage sensitivity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85018881698&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85018881698&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.dr.2017.03.001

DO - 10.1016/j.dr.2017.03.001

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:85018881698

VL - 45

SP - 1

EP - 30

JO - Developmental Review

JF - Developmental Review

SN - 0273-2297

ER -