DNA-thioguanine concentration and relapse risk in children and young adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia: an IPD meta-analysis

Linea N. Toksvang, Kathrine Grell, Jacob Nersting, Matilda Degn, Stine N. Nielsen, Jonas Abrahamsson, Bendik Lund, Jukka Kanerva, Ólafur G. Jónsson, Kristi Lepik, Goda Vaitkevičienė, Laimonas Griškevičius, Petter Quist-Paulsen, Ajay Vora, Anthony V. Moorman, Daniel Murdy, Martin Zimmermann, Anja Möricke, Bruce Bostrom, Jaitri JoshiLisa L. Hjalgrim, Kim P. Dalhoff, Bodil Als-Nielsen, Kjeld Schmiegelow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Methotrexate/6-mercaptopurine maintenance therapy improves acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) outcome. Cytotoxicity is mediated by DNA incorporation of thioguanine nucleotides (DNA-TG). We investigated the association of DNA-TG to relapse risk in 1 910 children and young adults with non-high risk ALL. In a cohort-stratified Cox regression analysis adjusted for sex, age, and white cell count at diagnosis, the relapse-specific hazard ratio (HRa) per 100 fmol/μg increase in weighted mean DNA-TG (wmDNA-TG) was 0.87 (95% CI 0.78–0.97; p = 0.013) in the 839 patients who were minimal residual disease (MRD) positive at end of induction therapy (EOI), whereas this was not the case in EOI MRD-negative patients (p = 0.76). Validation analysis excluding the previously published Nordic NOPHO ALL2008 pediatric cohort yielded a HRa of 0.92 (95% CI 0.82–1.03; p = 0.15) per 100 fmol/μg increase in wmDNA-TG in EOI MRD-positive patients. If also excluding the United Kingdom cohort, in which samples were taken non-randomly in selected patients, the HRa for the EOI MRD-positive patients was 0.82 (95% CI 0.68–0.99; p = 0.044) per 100 fmol/μg increase in wmDNA-TG. The importance of DNA-TG as a biomarker for maintenance therapy intensity calls for novel strategies to increase DNA-TG, although its clinical value may vary by protocol backbone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-41
Number of pages9
JournalLeukemia
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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