DNA microarray analysis of neonatal mouse lung connects regulation of KDR with dexamethasone-induced inhibition of alveolar formation

Linda Biadasz Clerch, Alex S. Baras, Gloria DeCarlo Massaro, Eric P. Hoffman, Donald Massaro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Treatment of newborn mice with dexamethasone (Dex) inhibits the subdivision of lung saccules to form alveoli; treatment with all-trans retinoic acid (RA) prevents this inhibition of septation. To better understand the early molecular signals responsible for the effects of Dex and RA, Affymetrix gene profiling was done on RNA isolated from 4-day-old mice after treatment with 1) diluent, 2) RA (1 mg/kg), 3) Dex (0.7 μg/pup), or 4) RA + Dex. Each sample was assayed in duplicate on U74Av2 GeneChips. Data were analyzed with Affymetrix suite 5.0, corrected for saturation, and evaluated with GeneSpring 5.1 software. Stringent filtering of data by the global error model and condition-to-condition comparisons was used to identify 46 genes demonstrating significantly different expression between the lungs of Dex- and RA + Dex-treated mice. A query of the gene ontology database revealed that the major biological processes affected by treatment with Dex and RA were cell growth/maintenance and cellular communication. On the basis of microarray data analysis, we hypothesize that Dex-induced inhibition of septation is associated with a block in angiogenesis due to downregulation of the kinase domain receptor (KDR), also known as VEGF receptor-2 and fetal liver kinase, and that the downregulation of KDR is prevented by treatment with RA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L411-L419
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume286
Issue number2 30-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Corticosteroid
  • Kinase domain receptor
  • Lung development
  • Retinoic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology

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