DNA demethylating agents and histone deacetylase inhibitors in hematologic malignancies

Tamer E. Fandy, Hetty Carraway, Steven D. Gore

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The pivotal role of aberrant promoter methylation in gene silencing and cancer development has fueled the interest in DNA methyltransferase inhibitors as novel anticancer drugs. Modulation of gene expression through targeting of epigenetic marks is one of the emerging and promising strategies that has demonstrated successful clinical outcome in hematologic malignancies. Epigenetic modifiers, including DNA methyltransferase inhibitors and histone deacetylase inhibitors, have demonstrated significant clinical activity; several are or are likely to soon be approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. However, the exact mechanism of the clinical response achieved is not fully understood. This review focuses on the pharmacology of the known DNA methyltransferase and histone deacetylase inhibitors and their potential as promising anticancer drugs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-48
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Journal
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2007

Keywords

  • Decitabine
  • Epigenetics
  • Histone deacetylase inhibitors
  • RG108
  • Zebularine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'DNA demethylating agents and histone deacetylase inhibitors in hematologic malignancies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this