Mouse L-cell fibroblasts were infected with vaccinia virus and labeled 2 to 3 h postinfection with [35S]methionine. Labeled proteins were fractionated on native and denatured DNA-cellulose columns and then analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Twenty-four vaccinia DNA-binding polypeptides (VDPs), ranging in molecular weight from 90,000 to 12,500, were detected. VDP-12A (molecular weight, 29,750) had affinity for denatured but not native DNA, and its sythesis was dependent on viral DNA replication. VDP-20 (molecular weight, 41,000) bound very tightly to native and denatured DNA and was displaced only after boiling the protein-DNA-cellulose matrix in 1% sodium dodecyl sulfate. VDP-8, -11, -12, -13, and -14 behaved electrophoretically like the polypeptide species previously shown to be present in DNA-protein complexes prepared from infected cells. The molecular weights of VDP-10 (50,000), VDP-11 (36,000), and VDP-8 (67,000) were similar to the polypeptide subunits of polyadenylate polymerase and phosphohydrolase I, enzymes purified from virions which have also been shown to have affinity for DNA.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science