Cardiac myxoma is the most common primary tumor of heart, but there is a longstanding controversy over whether it is a true neoplasm or a reactive lesion. We analyzed 24 cardiac myxomas from 22 patients: 22 by DNA flow cytometry and five by image analysis. Two myxomas were aneuploid; one of those analyzed by flow cytometry, and the other by image analysis. Proliferative fractions (S + G2 M) were high in three tumors from patients with multiple myxomas (mean, 15.9%; SD, 4.0%) as compared with 12 solitary uncomplicated myxomas (mean, 7.7%; SD, 6.0%). S-phase and proliferative fractions were low in embolic, recurrent, and solitary myxomas. The presence of aneuploidy in some myxomas supports a neoplastic origin for this tumor.
- cardiac neoplasms
- flow cytometry
- image analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine