DNA amplification is associated with genomic instability, the main characteristic of cancer cells, and it frequently involves protooncogenes. Double minute chromosomes (DM) and homogeneously stained regions (HSR) are cytological manifestations of DNA amplification. Gain of chromosome 19 is a recurrent alteration in mouse hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In one tumor cell line established from HCC developed in myc transgenic mice, DM derived from chromosome 19 were identified by spectral karyotyping and confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). A probe generated by PCR from microdissected DM was localized by FISH on normal and HCC-derived cell lines on DM and chromosome 19 at two sites separated by several medium size G-bands. This organization of DM containing amplified sequences from separate loci of the same chromosome, indicates a complex mechanism of DNA amplification, possibly involving more than one gene. DM or HSR were not previously identified in mouse HCC and adult human HCC. The recognition of these loci could lead to the cloning of new genes or identification of known genes important in development or progression of HCC.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology