Dizziness and the Otolaryngology Point of View

Sharmeen Sorathia, Yuri Agrawal, Michael C. Schubert

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Dizziness can be due to pathology from multiple physiologic systems, the most common being vestibular. Dizziness may be categorized as vertigo, disequilibrium, lightheadedness, or oscillopsia. Vertigo is an illusion of motion often caused by asymmetrical vestibular input to the brainstem. To evaluate vertigo, it is essential to include the symptom's quality, timing, frequency, trigger, influence from positional changes, and other associations from the history. Oculomotor, otologic, balance testing, positional testing, and nystagmus testing are equally important components of the examination. Two of the most common diagnoses are readily treated with canalith repositioning maneuvers and vestibular rehabilitation exercises.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1001-1012
Number of pages12
JournalMedical Clinics of North America
Volume102
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Dizziness
  • Evaluation
  • Examination
  • History
  • Physical therapy
  • Vertigo
  • Vestibular tests

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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