Divergent adherence estimates with pharmacokinetic and behavioural measures in the MTN-003 (VOICE) study

Ariane Van Der Straten, Elizabeth R. Brown, Jeanne M. Marrazzo, Michael Z. Chirenje, Karen Liu, Kailazarid Gomez, Mark A. Marzinke, Jeanna M. Piper, Craig W. Hendrix

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: In the Microbicide Trial Network MTN-003 (VOICE) study, a Phase IIB pre-exposure prophylaxis trial of daily oral or vaginal tenofovir (TFV), product adherence was poor based on pharmacokinetic (PK) drug detection in a random subsample. Here, we sought to compare behavioural and PK measures of adherence and examined correlates of adherence misreporting. Methods: We included participants with PK and behavioural data from VOICE random subsample. Behavioural assessments included face-to-face interviews (FTFI), audio computer-assisted self-interviewing (ACASI) and pharmacy-returned product counts (PC). TFV concentrations <0.31 ng/mL in plasma (oral group) and <8.5 ng/swab in vaginal group were defined as "PK non-adherent." Logistic regression models were fit to calculate the combined predictive ability of the behavioural measures as summarized by area under the curve (AUC). Baseline characteristics associated with over-reporting daily product use relative to PK measures was assessed using a Generalized Linear Mixed Model. Results: In this random adherence cohort of VOICE participants assigned to active products, (N=472), PK non-adherence was 69% in the oral group (N=314) and 65% in the vaginal group (N=158). Behaviourally, ≥10% of the cohort reported low/none use with any behavioural measure and accuracy was low (≥43%). None of the regression models had an AUC >0.65 for any single or combined behavioural measures. Significant (p<0.05) correlates of over-reporting included being very worried about getting HIV and being unmarried for the oral group; whereas for the vaginal group, being somewhat worried about HIV was associated with lower risk of over-reporting. Conclusions: PK measures indicated similarly low adherence for the oral and vaginal groups. No behavioural measure accurately predicted PK non-adherence. Accurate real-time measures to monitor product adherence are urgently needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number20642
JournalJournal of the International AIDS Society
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 4 2016

Keywords

  • Adherence measurement
  • HIV
  • Microbicide
  • Pharmacokinetic drug detection
  • Pre-exposure prophylaxis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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