Disturbances of parathyroid hormone-vitamin D axis in non-cholestatic chronic liver disease: A cross-sectional study

Arash Miroliaee, Mohsen Nasiri-Toosi, Omid Khalilzadeh, Alireza Esteghamati, Alireza Abdollahi, Mehdi Mazloumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Liver has an important role in metabolism of vitamin D. This study aimed to evaluate the patterns of vitamin D-parathyroid hormone (PTH) disturbance and correlate it in patients with non-cholestatic chronic liver disease (CLD). Methods: A total of 40 healthy controls and 90 consecutive patients with evidence of non-cholestatic CLD due to hepatitis C (n = 28), hepatitis B (n = 26), autoimmune hepatitis (n = 19), and cryptogenic causes (n = 17) were enrolled. Cirrhosis was evident in 51 patients. Serum concentrations of 25-hydroxy vitamin D, PTH, calcium, phosphate, and liver enzymes were measured. Child-Pugh classification was determined in cirrhotic patients. Results: Vitamin D deficiency (<50 nmol/l) was found in 46 (51.1%) patients and vitamin D insufficiency (50-80 nmol/l) in 15 (16.7%) patients. Secondary hyperparathyroidism (serum PTH > 6.8 pmol/l) was present in 6 (6.7%) patients. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was significantly higher in cirrhotic versus noncirrhotic patients (76.5 vs. 17.9%; P < 0.001), whereas there was no significant difference in serum calcium, phosphate, and PTH levels. Child-Pugh class B and C patients had significantly lower vitamin D level compared with class A patients (P < 0.001), whereas there was no significant difference in serum calcium, phosphate, and PTH levels. No significant correlation was seen between vitamin D and PTH, calcium or phosphate levels. Lower serum level of vitamin D was associated with coagulopathy, hyperbilirubinemia, hypoalbuminemia, anemia, and thrombocytopenia. Conclusions: Vitamin D inadequacy and the severity of liver dysfunction move in parallel in patients with non-cholestatic CLD. Vitamin D assessment and replacement should be considered in the management of patients with non-cholestatic CLD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)634-640
Number of pages7
JournalHepatology International
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Child-Pugh score
  • Cirrhosis
  • Liver
  • MELD
  • Parathyroid hormone
  • Vitamin D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

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