In an attempt to identify potential target sites for the satiety action of bombesin (BN), the distribution and pharmacological specificity of bombesin binding sites were examined in the rat gastrointestinal tract by in vitro autoradiography utilizing (125I-Tyr4) bombesin. Specific BN binding was localized to the circular muscle level of the gastric fundus and antrum, submucosal layer of the small intestine and longitudinal and circular muscle and submucosal layers of the colon. Pharmacological studies indicated that gastrin releasing peptide (GRP), Ac-GRP20-27 and BN-like compounds, litorin and ranatensin, inhibited the binding of (125I-Tyr4)BN with high affinity while compounds which lacked COOH-terminal homology with BN demonstrated a low affinity for BN binding sites. The wide distribution of BN binding sites in the gastrointestinal tract provides a number of potential sites for the mediation of the satiety action of BN.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience