Distributed control of the glycolytic flux in wild-type cells and catabolite repression mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae growing in carbon-limited chemostat cultures

Sonia Cortassa, Miguel A. Aon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The sensitivity of the control of glycolysis was studied in the wild-type (WT) strain CEN.PK122 and in isogenic catabolite-repression mutants growing in carbon-limited, aerobic chemostat cultures at different dilution rates, D. Based on a model of glycolysis in which the glucose transport step was considered reversible and inhibited by glucose-6-phosphate (G6P), the matrix method of metabolic control analysis was applied. In the present work, we report that the control of glycolysis was significantly distributed between the glucose uptake, hexokinase, and phosphofructokinase steps. The flux control properties were sensitive to the glucose gradient through the membrane and the extent of inhibition of the transport by G6P as parameters of the glucose-uptake kinetics in all strains tested. In the WT strain at low and high D, most of the control was exerted by the phosphofructokinase (PFK)-catalyzed step. In the cat1 mutant, the step catalysed by PFK was the most rate controlling while in the cat3 strain, the control was shared between the PFK, hexokinase (HK), and glucose transport steps. On the other hand, the mig1 mutant exhibited high control by the glucose transporter depending on the glucose gradient across the membrane. The results obtained are discussed in terms of the dependence upon the type of metabolism displayed by yeast and the kinetics of the sugar transport step.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)596-602
Number of pages7
JournalEnzyme and Microbial Technology
Volume21
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1997
Externally publishedYes

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Chemostats
Catabolite Repression
Yeast
Glucose
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Phosphofructokinases
Carbon
Fluxes
Glycolysis
Glucose-6-Phosphate
Hexokinase
Membranes
Facilitative Glucose Transport Proteins
Phosphates
Enzyme kinetics
Metabolism
Sugars
Dilution
Yeasts
Kinetics

Keywords

  • Catabolite-repression mutants
  • Continuous cultures
  • Glycolysis
  • Metabolic control analysis
  • Saccharomyces cervisiae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Cite this

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title = "Distributed control of the glycolytic flux in wild-type cells and catabolite repression mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae growing in carbon-limited chemostat cultures",
abstract = "The sensitivity of the control of glycolysis was studied in the wild-type (WT) strain CEN.PK122 and in isogenic catabolite-repression mutants growing in carbon-limited, aerobic chemostat cultures at different dilution rates, D. Based on a model of glycolysis in which the glucose transport step was considered reversible and inhibited by glucose-6-phosphate (G6P), the matrix method of metabolic control analysis was applied. In the present work, we report that the control of glycolysis was significantly distributed between the glucose uptake, hexokinase, and phosphofructokinase steps. The flux control properties were sensitive to the glucose gradient through the membrane and the extent of inhibition of the transport by G6P as parameters of the glucose-uptake kinetics in all strains tested. In the WT strain at low and high D, most of the control was exerted by the phosphofructokinase (PFK)-catalyzed step. In the cat1 mutant, the step catalysed by PFK was the most rate controlling while in the cat3 strain, the control was shared between the PFK, hexokinase (HK), and glucose transport steps. On the other hand, the mig1 mutant exhibited high control by the glucose transporter depending on the glucose gradient across the membrane. The results obtained are discussed in terms of the dependence upon the type of metabolism displayed by yeast and the kinetics of the sugar transport step.",
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AU - Aon, Miguel A.

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N2 - The sensitivity of the control of glycolysis was studied in the wild-type (WT) strain CEN.PK122 and in isogenic catabolite-repression mutants growing in carbon-limited, aerobic chemostat cultures at different dilution rates, D. Based on a model of glycolysis in which the glucose transport step was considered reversible and inhibited by glucose-6-phosphate (G6P), the matrix method of metabolic control analysis was applied. In the present work, we report that the control of glycolysis was significantly distributed between the glucose uptake, hexokinase, and phosphofructokinase steps. The flux control properties were sensitive to the glucose gradient through the membrane and the extent of inhibition of the transport by G6P as parameters of the glucose-uptake kinetics in all strains tested. In the WT strain at low and high D, most of the control was exerted by the phosphofructokinase (PFK)-catalyzed step. In the cat1 mutant, the step catalysed by PFK was the most rate controlling while in the cat3 strain, the control was shared between the PFK, hexokinase (HK), and glucose transport steps. On the other hand, the mig1 mutant exhibited high control by the glucose transporter depending on the glucose gradient across the membrane. The results obtained are discussed in terms of the dependence upon the type of metabolism displayed by yeast and the kinetics of the sugar transport step.

AB - The sensitivity of the control of glycolysis was studied in the wild-type (WT) strain CEN.PK122 and in isogenic catabolite-repression mutants growing in carbon-limited, aerobic chemostat cultures at different dilution rates, D. Based on a model of glycolysis in which the glucose transport step was considered reversible and inhibited by glucose-6-phosphate (G6P), the matrix method of metabolic control analysis was applied. In the present work, we report that the control of glycolysis was significantly distributed between the glucose uptake, hexokinase, and phosphofructokinase steps. The flux control properties were sensitive to the glucose gradient through the membrane and the extent of inhibition of the transport by G6P as parameters of the glucose-uptake kinetics in all strains tested. In the WT strain at low and high D, most of the control was exerted by the phosphofructokinase (PFK)-catalyzed step. In the cat1 mutant, the step catalysed by PFK was the most rate controlling while in the cat3 strain, the control was shared between the PFK, hexokinase (HK), and glucose transport steps. On the other hand, the mig1 mutant exhibited high control by the glucose transporter depending on the glucose gradient across the membrane. The results obtained are discussed in terms of the dependence upon the type of metabolism displayed by yeast and the kinetics of the sugar transport step.

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