Distinct patterns of emergence and fading of K103N and Y181C in women with subtype A vs. D after single-dose nevirapine: HIVNET 012

Susan H. Eshleman, Laura A. Guay, Jing Wang, Anthony Mwatha, Elizabeth R. Brown, Philippa Musoke, Francis Mmiro, J. Brooks Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The HIVNET 012 trial in Uganda demonstrated that single-dose nevirapine (NW) can prevent HIV-1 mother-to-child transmission. NVP resistance (NVPR) mutations were detected in 25% of women 6 to 8 weeks after NVP, with a higher rate of NVPR in women with subtype D than A. This study examined emergence and fading of specific NVPR mutations in women with these subtypes. Methods: Plasma HIV-1 was analyzed with the ViroSeq genotyping system (Celera Diagnostics, Alameda, CA). Genotypes were obtained from paired samples collected 7 days and 6 to 8 weeks after NVP from 140 women, 83 with subtype A and 57 with subtype D. Results: The rate of NVPR was similar in women with subtype A vs. D at 7 days but was higher in subtype D than A at 6 to 8 weeks. The higher rate of NVPR in subtype D was explained by at least 2 factors: Y181C faded from detection at a greater rate in women with subtype A (odds ratio = 3.06; 95% CI, 1.04, 8.90) and K103N accumulated at a greater rate in women with subtype D (odds ratio = 1.74; 95% CI, 0.62, 4.87). Conclusions: HIV-1 subtype influences selection and fading of HIV-1 variants with specific drug resistance mutations after antiretroviral drug exposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-29
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005

Keywords

  • HIV-1
  • Mother-to-child transmission
  • Nevirapine
  • Resistance
  • Subtype
  • Uganda

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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