Distinct and shared transcriptomes are regulated by Microphthalmia- associated transcription factor isoforms in mast cells

Amir H. Shahlaee, Stephanie Brandal, Youl Nam Lee, Chunfa Jie, Clifford M. Takemoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (Mitf) is an essential basic helix-loop-helix leucine zipper transcription factor for mast cell development. Mice deficient in Mitf harbor a severe mast cell deficiency, and Mitf-mutant mast cell cultured ex vivo display a number of functional defects. Therefore, an understanding of the genetic program regulated by Mitf may provide important insights into mast cell differentiation. Multiple, distinct isoforms of Mitf have been identified in a variety of cell types; we found that Mitf-a, Mitf-e, and Mitf-mc were the major isoforms expressed in mast cells. To determine the physiologic function of Mitf in mast cells, we restored expression of these isoforms in primary mast cells from Mitf-/- mice. We found that these isoforms restored granular morphology and integral-mediated migration. By microarray analysis, proteases, signaling molecules, cell surface receptor, and transporters comprised the largest groups of genes up-regulated by all isoforms. Furthermore, we found that isoforms also regulated distinct genes sets, suggesting separable biological activities. This work defines the transcriptome regulated by Mitf in mast cells and supports its role as master regulator of mast cell differentiation. Expression of multiple isoforms of this transcription factor may provide for redundancy of biological activities while also allowing diversity of function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)378-388
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume178
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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