Distal interphalangeal joint arthroplasty is effective in alleviating the pain of degenerative arthritis while preserving motion and stability. This procedure was undertaken as an alternative to arthrodesis for 17 women with osteoarthritis and 1 woman with rheumatoid arthritis. Silicone interpositional arthroplasty was performed in 31 digits of patients whose mean age was 58.3 years. The patients were evaluated at an average of 72.2 months (range, 12.6 to 123.1 months) after surgery. All patients reported that their primary preoperative symptom of pain was effectively eliminated by the procedure. At reevaluation, the active range of motion of the distal interphalangeal joint averaged 33.2° and extension lag averaged 12.7°. Lateral stability of the distal joint was present in all but one middle finger implant. Two implants were removed at 3 months post-operatively for wound problems and one at 31 months because of prosthesis fracture.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Seminars in arthroplasty|
|State||Published - Apr 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine