Objective: To report the long-term results of our experience using cerebrospinal fluid drainage and distal aortic perfusion in descending thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic repair. Summary Background Data: Repair of thoracoabdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysm by the traditional clamp-and-go technique results in a massive ischemic insult to several major organ systems. Ten years ago, we began to use distal aortic perfusion and cerebrospinal fluid drainage (adjunct) to reduce end-organ ischemia. Methods: Between January 1991 and February 2003, we performed 1004 thoracoabdominal or descending thoracic repairs. Adjunct was used in 741 (74%) of 1004. Multivariable data were analyzed by Cox regression. Number needed to treat was calculated as the reciprocal of the risk difference. Results: Immediate neurologic deficit was 18 (2.4%) of 741 with adjunct and 18 (6.8%) of 263 without (P < 0.0009). In high-risk extent II aneurysms, the numbers were 11 (6.6%) of 167 with adjunct, and 11 (29%) of 38 without. Long-term survival was improved with adjunct (P < 0.002). The long-term survival results persisted after adjustment for age, extent II aneurysm, and preoperative renal function. Conclusion: Use of adjunct over a long period of time has produced favorable results; approximately 1 neurologic deficit saved for every 20 uses of adjunct overall. In extent II aneurysms, where the effect is greatest, this increases to 1 saved per 5 uses. Adjunct is also associated with long-term survival, which is consistent with mitigation of ischemic end-organ injury. These long-term results indicate that cerebrospinal fluid drainage and distal aortic perfusion are safe and effective adjunct for reducing morbidity and mortality following thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic repair.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Annals of surgery|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2003|
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