Disruption of metabolic, sleep, and sensorimotor functional outcomes in a female transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease

Divine C. Nwafor, Sreeparna Chakraborty, Sujung Jun, Allison L. Brichacek, Margaret Dransfeld, Darren E. Gemoets, Duaa Dakhlallah, Candice M. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is the most prevalent form of dementia globally, and the number of individuals with AD diagnosis is expected to double by 2050. Numerous preclinical AD studies have shown that AD neuropathology accompanies alteration in learning and memory. However, less attention has been given to alterations in metabolism, sleep, and sensorimotor functional outcomes during AD pathogenesis. The objective of this study was to elucidate the extent to which metabolic activity, sleep-wake cycle, and sensorimotor function is impaired in APPSwDI/Nos2−/− (CVN-AD) transgenic mice. Female mice were used in this study because AD is more prevalent in women compared to men. We hypothesized that the presence of AD neuropathology in CVN-AD mice would accompany alterations in metabolic activity, sleep, and sensorimotor function. Our results showed that CVN-AD mice had significantly decreased energy expenditure compared to wild-type (WT) mice. An examination of associated functional outcome parameters showed that sleep activity was elevated during the awake (dark) cycle and as well as an overall decrease in spontaneous locomotor activity. An additional functional parameter, the nociceptive response to thermal stimuli, was also impaired in CVN-AD mice. Collectively, our results demonstrate CVN-AD mice exhibit alterations in functional parameters that resemble human-AD clinical progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number112983
JournalBehavioural Brain Research
Volume398
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Metabolism
  • Neuroinflammation
  • Sensorimotor
  • Sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Disruption of metabolic, sleep, and sensorimotor functional outcomes in a female transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this