Disproportionate Minority Contact

Comparisons Across Juveniles Adjudicated for Sexual and Non-Sexual Offenses

Rebecca Fix, Melissa A. Cyperski, Barry R. Burkhart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The overrepresentation of racial/ethnic minorities within the criminal justice system relative to their population percentage, a phenomenon termed disproportionate minority contact, has been examined within general adult and adolescent offender populations; yet few studies have tested whether this phenomenon extends to juvenile sexual offenders (JSOs). In addition, few studies have examined whether offender race/ethnicity influences registration and notification requirements, which JSOs are subject to in some U.S. states. The present study assessed for disproportionate minority contact among general delinquent offenders and JSOs, meaning it aimed to test whether the criminal justice system treats those accused of sexual and non-sexual offenses differently by racial/ethnic group. Furthermore, racial/ethnic group differences in risk, legal classification, and sexual offending were examined for JSOs. Results indicated disproportionate minority contact was present among juveniles with non-sexual offenses and JSOs in Alabama. In addition, offense category and risk scores differed between African American and European American JSOs. Finally, registration classifications were predicted by offending characteristics, but not race/ethnicity. Implications and future directions regarding disproportionate minority contact among JSOs and social and legal policy affecting JSOs are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-308
Number of pages18
JournalSexual Abuse: Journal of Research and Treatment
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Criminal Law
Ethnic Groups
Public Policy
African Americans
Population
Direction compound

Keywords

  • adolescent sexual abusers
  • African American
  • delinquency
  • disproportionate minority contact
  • juvenile sexual offender
  • notification
  • race/ethnicity
  • registration
  • risk assessment
  • sex offender policy
  • sex offender registration and notification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Disproportionate Minority Contact : Comparisons Across Juveniles Adjudicated for Sexual and Non-Sexual Offenses. / Fix, Rebecca; Cyperski, Melissa A.; Burkhart, Barry R.

In: Sexual Abuse: Journal of Research and Treatment, Vol. 29, No. 3, 01.04.2017, p. 291-308.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9f3c5665cf7043eda03933c246cba285,
title = "Disproportionate Minority Contact: Comparisons Across Juveniles Adjudicated for Sexual and Non-Sexual Offenses",
abstract = "The overrepresentation of racial/ethnic minorities within the criminal justice system relative to their population percentage, a phenomenon termed disproportionate minority contact, has been examined within general adult and adolescent offender populations; yet few studies have tested whether this phenomenon extends to juvenile sexual offenders (JSOs). In addition, few studies have examined whether offender race/ethnicity influences registration and notification requirements, which JSOs are subject to in some U.S. states. The present study assessed for disproportionate minority contact among general delinquent offenders and JSOs, meaning it aimed to test whether the criminal justice system treats those accused of sexual and non-sexual offenses differently by racial/ethnic group. Furthermore, racial/ethnic group differences in risk, legal classification, and sexual offending were examined for JSOs. Results indicated disproportionate minority contact was present among juveniles with non-sexual offenses and JSOs in Alabama. In addition, offense category and risk scores differed between African American and European American JSOs. Finally, registration classifications were predicted by offending characteristics, but not race/ethnicity. Implications and future directions regarding disproportionate minority contact among JSOs and social and legal policy affecting JSOs are discussed.",
keywords = "adolescent sexual abusers, African American, delinquency, disproportionate minority contact, juvenile sexual offender, notification, race/ethnicity, registration, risk assessment, sex offender policy, sex offender registration and notification",
author = "Rebecca Fix and Cyperski, {Melissa A.} and Burkhart, {Barry R.}",
year = "2017",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/1079063215601436",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "29",
pages = "291--308",
journal = "Sexual Abuse: Journal of Research and Treatment",
issn = "1079-0632",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Disproportionate Minority Contact

T2 - Comparisons Across Juveniles Adjudicated for Sexual and Non-Sexual Offenses

AU - Fix, Rebecca

AU - Cyperski, Melissa A.

AU - Burkhart, Barry R.

PY - 2017/4/1

Y1 - 2017/4/1

N2 - The overrepresentation of racial/ethnic minorities within the criminal justice system relative to their population percentage, a phenomenon termed disproportionate minority contact, has been examined within general adult and adolescent offender populations; yet few studies have tested whether this phenomenon extends to juvenile sexual offenders (JSOs). In addition, few studies have examined whether offender race/ethnicity influences registration and notification requirements, which JSOs are subject to in some U.S. states. The present study assessed for disproportionate minority contact among general delinquent offenders and JSOs, meaning it aimed to test whether the criminal justice system treats those accused of sexual and non-sexual offenses differently by racial/ethnic group. Furthermore, racial/ethnic group differences in risk, legal classification, and sexual offending were examined for JSOs. Results indicated disproportionate minority contact was present among juveniles with non-sexual offenses and JSOs in Alabama. In addition, offense category and risk scores differed between African American and European American JSOs. Finally, registration classifications were predicted by offending characteristics, but not race/ethnicity. Implications and future directions regarding disproportionate minority contact among JSOs and social and legal policy affecting JSOs are discussed.

AB - The overrepresentation of racial/ethnic minorities within the criminal justice system relative to their population percentage, a phenomenon termed disproportionate minority contact, has been examined within general adult and adolescent offender populations; yet few studies have tested whether this phenomenon extends to juvenile sexual offenders (JSOs). In addition, few studies have examined whether offender race/ethnicity influences registration and notification requirements, which JSOs are subject to in some U.S. states. The present study assessed for disproportionate minority contact among general delinquent offenders and JSOs, meaning it aimed to test whether the criminal justice system treats those accused of sexual and non-sexual offenses differently by racial/ethnic group. Furthermore, racial/ethnic group differences in risk, legal classification, and sexual offending were examined for JSOs. Results indicated disproportionate minority contact was present among juveniles with non-sexual offenses and JSOs in Alabama. In addition, offense category and risk scores differed between African American and European American JSOs. Finally, registration classifications were predicted by offending characteristics, but not race/ethnicity. Implications and future directions regarding disproportionate minority contact among JSOs and social and legal policy affecting JSOs are discussed.

KW - adolescent sexual abusers

KW - African American

KW - delinquency

KW - disproportionate minority contact

KW - juvenile sexual offender

KW - notification

KW - race/ethnicity

KW - registration

KW - risk assessment

KW - sex offender policy

KW - sex offender registration and notification

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85015108257&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85015108257&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1079063215601436

DO - 10.1177/1079063215601436

M3 - Article

VL - 29

SP - 291

EP - 308

JO - Sexual Abuse: Journal of Research and Treatment

JF - Sexual Abuse: Journal of Research and Treatment

SN - 1079-0632

IS - 3

ER -