Dispelling myths about gender differences in smoking cessation: Population data from the USA, Canada and Britain

Martin J. Jarvis, Joanna E. Cohen, Cristine D. Delnevo, Gary A. Giovino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives Based mainly on findings from clinical settings, it has been claimed that women are less likely than men to quit smoking successfully. If true, this would have important implications for tobacco control interventions. The authors aimed to test this possibility using data from general population surveys. Methods The authors used data from major national surveys conducted in 2006e2007 in the USA (Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey), Canada (Canadian Tobacco Use Monitoring Survey) and the UK (General Household Survey) to estimate rates of smoking cessation by age in men and women. Results The authors found a pattern of gender differences in smoking cessation which was consistent across countries. Below age 50, women were more likely to have given up smoking completely than men, while among older age groups, men were more likely to have quit than women. Across all age groups, there was relatively little difference in cessation between the sexes. Conclusions Conclusions about gender differences in smoking cessation should be based on evidence from the general population rather than from atypical clinical samples. This study has found convincing evidence that men in general are not more likely to quit smoking successfully than women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)356-360
Number of pages5
JournalTobacco control
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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