Disorders of neuromuscular transmission in infants and children can be divided into two groups. The first group includes conditions similar to those seen in adults: autoimmune myasthenia gravis, Lambert‐Eaton myasthenic syndrome, and botulism. The second includes several disorders that are unique to this age group, such as the congenital myasthenias and infantile botulism. This review discusses the diseases of neuromuscular transmission found in the pediatric population, with emphasis on electrodiagnosis. The distinctive clinical and electrophysiologic features allow the clinician to identify these illnesses correctly, so that appropriate treatment can be instituted or further specialized investigation can be undertaken.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Physiology (medical)