Disorder of cerebellar foliation in walker’s lissencephaly and neu-laxova syndrome

Gilles Lyon, Gerald Raymond, Kimiyo Mogami, Jean François Gadisseux, Elvio Della Giustina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A diffuse disorder of cerebellar foliation was found in eight infants and one fetus with Walker’s lissencephaly. Th cerebellar cortex consisted of fused and irregularly distorted folia. In the white matter, trilaminated rings of cortex wei concentrically arranged around blood vessels and mesenchymal tissue. The normal relative position of the different classc of cortical nerve cells was preserved. Cells of the external granular layer invaded the meninges and migrated along penetratin blood vessels. We believe that this foliation disorder is caused by a defect in the external basal lamina that allows adjacer folia to be fused and sulci obliterated by intrameningeal ectopias of external granule layer cells. Physical forces applied durir development probably contribute to the distortion of the gyral pattern. There was a volumetric reduction of the neocerebellun which might also be a consequence of the basal lamina defect. The cerebellum of a fetus with the Neu-Laxova syndrom showed the same abnormalities as in Walker’s lissencephaly. It is postulated that these two conditions belong to a class c prenatal developmental disorders that involves a defect of the extracellular matrix.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)633-639
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of neuropathology and experimental neurology
Volume52
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1993

Keywords

  • Brain development
  • Cerebellar granule cells
  • Cerebellar malformation
  • External basal lamina
  • Extracellul: matrix
  • Neu-Laxova syndrome
  • Walker’s lissencephaly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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