Rationale: Although eosinophilic and noneosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) exhibit distinct T-helper (Th) responses, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Objectives: To clarify the phenotypes and Th-cell polarizing functions of dendritic cells (DCs) in different types of CRSwNP. Methods: DC subsets, their surface phenotypes, and Th-cell subsets were studied by means of immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. The sorted lesional DCs were activated or cultured with autologous naive CD4+ T cells, and cytokine production was determined by ELISA. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin and osteopontin expression were detected by means of reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Measurements and Main Results: Although elevated local Th1 and Th17 cells were noted in both eosinophilic and noneosinophilic CRSwNP, increased Th2 cells were found only in eosinophilic CRSwNP. Increased numbers of myeloid DCs, plasmacytoid DCs, and their activated subsets were found in both types of CRSwNP, but only myeloid DCs and plasmacytoid DCs from eosinophilic CRSwNP demonstrated an up-regulation of OX40 ligand (OX40L) and programmed death ligand 1(PD-L1) expression. Lesional DCs from both types of CRSwNP produced enhanced levels of IL-12, IL-6, and transforming growth factor-β, and induced increased Th1 and Th17 responses; in contrast, only DCs from eosinophilic CRSwNP induced obviously enhanced Th2 responses, when cocultured with naive CD4+ T cells. Blockade of OX40L and PD-L1 on lesional DCs from eosinophilicCRSwNPsuppressed Th2 responses, but promoted Th1 responses in DC-T cell coculture. Conclusions: Distinct subsets of lesional DCs were found in eosinophilic and noneosinophilic CRSwNP, where OX40L/PD-L1+ lesional DCs in eosinophilic CRSwNPcould prime Th2 cells, whereas the low OX40L/PD-L1-expressing lesional DCs in noneosinophilic CRSwNP primarily induced Th1/Th17 cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine|
|State||Published - Sep 15 2014|
- Thymic stromal lymphopoietin
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine