Disease classification and prediction via semi-supervised dimensionality reduction

Kayhan N. Batmanghelich, Dong H. Ye, Kilian M. Pohl, Ben Taskar, Christos Davatzikos

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We present a new semi-supervised algorithmfor dimensionality reduction which exploits information of unlabeled data in order to improve the accuracy of image-based disease classification based on medical images. We perform dimensionality reduction by adopting the formalismof constrainedmatrix decomposition of [1] to semi-supervised learning. In addition, we add a new regularization term to the objective function to better captur the affinity between labeled and unlabeled data. We apply our method to a data set consisting of medical scans of subjects classified as Normal Control (CN) and Alzheimer (AD). The unlabeled data are scans of subjects diagnosedwith Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), which are at high risk to develop AD in the future. We measure the accuracy of our algorithm in classifying scans as AD and NC. In addition, we use the classifier to predict which subjects with MCI will converge to AD and compare those results to the diagnosis given at later follow ups. The experiments highlight that unlabeled data greatly improves the accuracy of our classifier.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging
Pages1086-1090
Number of pages5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes
Event2011 8th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, ISBI'11 - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: Mar 30 2011Apr 2 2011

Other

Other2011 8th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, ISBI'11
CountryUnited States
CityChicago, IL
Period3/30/114/2/11

Fingerprint

Classifiers
Supervised learning
Decomposition
Experiments
Cognitive Dysfunction
Datasets
Supervised Machine Learning

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Basis Learning
  • Matrix factorization
  • Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)
  • Optimization
  • Semi-supervised Learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Batmanghelich, K. N., Ye, D. H., Pohl, K. M., Taskar, B., & Davatzikos, C. (2011). Disease classification and prediction via semi-supervised dimensionality reduction. In Proceedings - International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (pp. 1086-1090). [5872590] https://doi.org/10.1109/ISBI.2011.5872590

Disease classification and prediction via semi-supervised dimensionality reduction. / Batmanghelich, Kayhan N.; Ye, Dong H.; Pohl, Kilian M.; Taskar, Ben; Davatzikos, Christos.

Proceedings - International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging. 2011. p. 1086-1090 5872590.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Batmanghelich, KN, Ye, DH, Pohl, KM, Taskar, B & Davatzikos, C 2011, Disease classification and prediction via semi-supervised dimensionality reduction. in Proceedings - International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging., 5872590, pp. 1086-1090, 2011 8th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, ISBI'11, Chicago, IL, United States, 3/30/11. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISBI.2011.5872590
Batmanghelich KN, Ye DH, Pohl KM, Taskar B, Davatzikos C. Disease classification and prediction via semi-supervised dimensionality reduction. In Proceedings - International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging. 2011. p. 1086-1090. 5872590 https://doi.org/10.1109/ISBI.2011.5872590
Batmanghelich, Kayhan N. ; Ye, Dong H. ; Pohl, Kilian M. ; Taskar, Ben ; Davatzikos, Christos. / Disease classification and prediction via semi-supervised dimensionality reduction. Proceedings - International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging. 2011. pp. 1086-1090
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