Discriminative sparse connectivity patterns for classification of fMRI data

Harini Eavani, Theodore D. Satterthwaite, Raquel E. Gur, Ruben C. Gur, Christos Davatzikos

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Functional connectivity using resting-state fMRI has emerged as an important research tool for understanding normal brain function as well as changes occurring during brain development and in various brain disorders. Most prior work has examined changes in pair-wise functional connectivity values using a multi-variate classification approach, such as Support Vector Machines (SVM). While it is powerful, SVMs produce a dense set of high-dimensional weight vectors as output, which are difficult to interpret, and require additional post-processing to relate to known functional networks. In this paper, we propose a joint framework that combines network identification and classification, resulting in a set of networks, or Sparse Connectivity Patterns (SCPs) which are functionally interpretable as well as highly discriminative of the two groups. Applied to a study of normal development classifying children vs. adults, the proposed method provided accuracy of 76%(AUC= 0.85), comparable to SVM (79%,AUC=0.87), but with dramatically fewer number of features (50 features vs. 34716 for the SVM). More importantly, this leads to a tremendous improvement in neuro-scientific interpretability, which is specially advantageous in such a study where the group differences are wide-spread throughout the brain. Highest-ranked discriminative SCPs reflect increases in long-range connectivity in adults between the frontal areas and posterior cingulate regions. In contrast, connectivity between the bilateral parahippocampal gyri was decreased in adults compared to children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages193-200
Number of pages8
Volume8675 LNCS
EditionPART 3
ISBN (Print)9783319104423
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event17th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2014 - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Sep 14 2014Sep 18 2014

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
NumberPART 3
Volume8675 LNCS
ISSN (Print)03029743
ISSN (Electronic)16113349

Other

Other17th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2014
CountryUnited States
CityBoston, MA
Period9/14/149/18/14

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Theoretical Computer Science

Cite this

Eavani, H., Satterthwaite, T. D., Gur, R. E., Gur, R. C., & Davatzikos, C. (2014). Discriminative sparse connectivity patterns for classification of fMRI data. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) (PART 3 ed., Vol. 8675 LNCS, pp. 193-200). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 8675 LNCS, No. PART 3). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-10443-0_25