Discrimination, acculturation and other predictors of depression among pregnant hispanic women

Janiece L. Walker, R. Jeanne Ruiz, Juanita J. Chinn, Nathan Marti, Tiffany N. Ricks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: The purpose of our study was to examine the effects of socioeconomic status, acculturative stress, discrimination, and marginalization as predictors of depression in pregnant Hispanic women. Design: A prospective observational design was used. Setting: Central and Gulf coast areas of Texas in obstetrical offices. Participants: A convenience sample of 515 pregnant, low income, low medical risk, and self-identified Hispanic women who were between 22-24 weeks gestation was used to collect data. Measures: The predictor variables were socioeconomic status, discrimination, acculturative stress, and marginalization. The outcome variable was depression. Results: Education, frequency of discrimination, age, and Anglo marginality were significant predictors of depressive symptoms in a linear regression model, F (6, 458) = 8.36, P<.0001. Greater frequency of discrimination was the strongest positive predictor of increased depressive symptoms. Conclusions: It is important that health care providers further understand the impact that age and experiences of discrimination throughout the life course have on depressive symptoms during pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)497-503
Number of pages7
JournalEthnicity and Disease
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Acculturation
  • Depression
  • Discrimination
  • Hispanic women
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology


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