Discovering interactions using covariate informed random partition models

Garritt L. Page, Fernando A. Quintana, Gary L. Rosner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Combination chemotherapy treatment regimens created for patients diag-nosed with childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia have had great success in improving cure rates. Unfortunately, patients prescribed these types of treatment regimens have displayed susceptibility to the onset of osteonecrosis. Some have suggested that this is due to pharmacokinetic interaction between two agents in the treatment regimen (asparaginase and dexamethasone) and other physiological variables. Determining which physiological variables to consider when searching for interactions in scenarios like these, minus a pri-ori guidance, has proved to be a challenging problem, particularly if interactions influence the response distribution in ways beyond shifts in expectation or dispersion only. In this paper we propose an exploratory technique that is able to discover associations between covariates and responses in a gen-eral way. The procedure connects covariates to responses flexibly through dependent random partition distributions and then employs machine learning techniques to highlight potential associations found in each cluster. We pro-vide a simulation study to show utility and apply the method to data produced from a study dedicated to learning which physiological predictors influence severity of osteonecrosis multiplicatively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalAnnals of Applied Statistics
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Dependent random partition models
  • Exploratory data analysis
  • Multiplicative associations
  • Nonparametric Bayes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty

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